Pomeranian Profile: A Toy Breed With a Large Spirit

The Bichon is said to have originated in the Mediterranean area and was introduced to the Canary Islands by sailors prior to the 14th century. It makes an excellent family dog and does well with children and strangers. It is probably a descendant of the Water Spaniel. This dog does well in a house or apartment. Pomeranian literally means “curly lap dog” in French.

Pomeranian Breed Standard

The skull on this breed is rounded and with a short muzzle. The eyes are dark and deeply set in the head. The American Kennel Club (AKC) guidelines state: “Dogs and bitches 9 1/2 to 11 1/2 inches are to be given primary preference.” These requirements are for show, of course, and any Bichon not falling within those parameters is not inferior. “The shoulder blade, upper arm and forearm are approximately equal in length.” With respect to the hindquarters, the description is essentially the same.

The undercoat is soft and the outer is coarse. The breed is white and sometimes has shades of apricot or cream throughout. With respect to its gait, the dog should trot in a precise and effortless manner. Grooming is a challenge with this breed, and owners need to be ready for consistent care and attention.

Behavioral Traits and Character of the Pomeranian

This dog likes to scamper about the home with the children and senses that it is part of the “pack.” It also gets on well with other animals. Some can make effective watchdogs, barking at the door when visitors approach. They are easily trained, especially as puppies. With gentle guidance and discipline, these dogs can do so well with obedience that they are often entered in competitions and shows with great results. Despite its size and gentle characteristics, this breed needs regular aerobic exercise.

The Pomeranian’s Potential Health Problems

This breed has been prone, at times, to autoimmune disorders that sometimes defy explanation. Bladder problems, knee difficulties, eye disorders, and skin allergies also pose challenges. Liver failure sometimes happens later in life. Overall, however, when these dogs are well cared for and treated as part of the family, they can live 12-15 years with few complications. They shed very little and are hypoallergenic. Choosing the right food for your pomerian is very important. You can read all about food consequences on http://worldsbestdogfoods.org/best-pomeranian-top-reviews-puppy-senior-allergy/.

The Pomeranian can capture the heart of the smallest child and the most stubborn “large dog only” individual. They respond well to training, large families with multiple dogs, and often perform well in show and obedience competition.

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Hypothyroidism In Dogs: Hypothyroidism is a common diagnosis in dogs

What does the thyroid do? – The thyroid is a gland that produces hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4). The hormones are stored in the gland until they are needed by the body. T3 and T4 control all of the body’s metabolic processes.

What is hypothyroidism? – Hypothyroidism is a deficiency in the thyroid hormone. This condition is more commonly seen in dogs that are considered middle aged, or 4 – 10 years old.

Breeds more commonly affected – Hypothyroidism seems to affect some breeds more then others. These breeds include but are not limited to: Golden Retriever, Doberman, Irish Setter, Cocker Spaniel, Dachshund, and Schnauzer.

Symptoms – The symptoms for hypothyroidism to an owner might not seem like a big deal. When they are all put together a veterinarian might look at your dog and say “lets test this pooch’s thyroid.” The symptoms include but are not limited too: weight gain with no diet change, loss of hair on the tail (rat tail), dry hair coat and excessive shedding, lethargy, cold intolerance, anemia, high cholesterol, and hyperpigmentation of the skin.

Diagnosis – Diagnosing hypothyroidism is done by drawing a blood sample and testing the level of thyroid hormone in the blood stream. A veterinarian will determine the exact test run (there are a couple of choices available). Some veterinary clinics will have the availability to run these tests in-house while others will have to send the blood to an outside laboratory, this may take a few days to get results.

Treatment – The treatment for hypothyroidism consists of hormone replacement drugs for the life of the pet. The medication comes in pill form, some pills are made chewable and flavored, especially for dogs. The veterinarian will prescribe a base dose of the medication. The blood will need to be rechecked in about a month after being on the medication, the dose is then adjusted as necessary. Once the dog is on the correct dose of medication its blood work should be checked annually or as recommended by your veterinarian.

Additional Information –

  • The hormone replacement drug will be necessary for the rest of your dogs life.
  • It is important that the dog gets the drug everyday in order for the thyroid hormone concentration in its body to be normal.
  • Once it has been on the drug for 3 – 4 weeks the symptoms will start to go away.
  • If the dose of medication is too high then signs of hyperthyroidism will appear – increased thirst and urination, nervousness, weightloss, panting, weakness, and increased appetite. If you notice these signs stop the medication and call your veterinarian.
  • Some medications that your dog may already be on can cause the thyroid hormone to be decreased. These drugs include: cortisone, aspirin, flunixin (Banamine), furosemide (Lasix), and phenobarbital. Make sure your veterinarian knows if your dog is taking any of these medications.
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Recipes for Homemade Gluten-Free Dog Treats: Easy Dog Snack Recipes to Make at Home

Here are more recipes on how to make truly gluten-free dog treats recipes. Gluten is in many more foods than anyone thinks, at first. To get familiar with the offending ingredients, take a look at this growing list before going on to the recipes. All these foods contain or make gluten when added to other ingredients.

  • Sausages
  • Malts
  • Malt vinegar
  • White pepper
  • Pastas
  • Pickles
  • Miso
  • Some curry powders
  • Teriyaki sauce
  • Rye
  • Semolina
  • Bulgur
  • Wheat Grass
  • Wheat (flour)
  • Barley (all grains)
  • Oats (there are gluten-free oats at the grocer)
  • Soy products
  • Food starches (cornstarch etc.)
  • Roux-based soups (made with flour)
  • Bouillon cubes
  • Roux-based gravy (made with flour)
  • Brown rice syrup

Gluten is also used as a stabilizing agent in ice creams and ketchups. Now, on to those recipes that were promised.

If the pet is allergic to eggs, simply omit it in this first recipe. The potato binds the ingredients nicely and the egg is mostly for more protein, which the meat contains.

The second recipe is meatless. Dogs are omnivores and they like vegetables and fruit, too. All of these recipes are made with good, human-grade food.

Homemade Dog Treats Recipe #1

For Harley’s Orange Squares you will need:


  • 1 pound of ground meat (cooked, use beef, chicken, fish or lamb)
  • 1 large sweet potato (cooked and mashed)
  • 1 large egg
  • ½ cup water
  • A large bowl
  • A wooden spoon
  • A baking sheet
  • Oil to coat the pan with
  1. Preheat your oven to 350(f) degrees
  2. Combine egg, sweet potato and water in large bowl. Allow to sit for 10 minutes.
  3. Add meat and mix well.
  4. Spread on lightly oiled baking sheet.
  5. Cut into bars or squares
  6. Bake for 30 minutes and remove the pan from oven. Use a spatula to turn them over, then bake them again for 20 more minutes.
  7. Remove them from the oven and cool them on a wire rack.
  8. Serve when cool. Yield is approximately 30 – 45 squares or bars.

Easy Homemade Dog Treats Recipe #2

To make Harley’s Veggie Bars you will need:

  • 1 large sweet potato, diced in ½ inch chunks
  • 4 cups of water
  • 3 carrots, cut in coins
  • 3 – 4 cups instant potato flakes – the 100% real potatoes, no other ingredients
  • A large sauce pan or pot with lid
  • A sharp knife
  • A cutting board
  • A potato masher
  • A baking sheet
  • Foil
  • A spatula
  • Oil to grease the pan
  1. Preheat the oven to 375F degrees.
  2. Chop the vegetables and put them into the pan.
  3. Add the water.
  4. Turn the heat on high under the covered pan and cook the vegetables until very soft when pierced with a fork.
  5. Take the pan off the heat and take off the lid, being careful not to burn in the rush of hot steam that follows.
  6. Mash the vegetables until they’re all smashed good.
  7. Add the instant potato flakes and stir. It should be kind of stiff like dough and it shouldn’t move when the spoon is pulled out. If it does, add more potato flakes and mix them in.
  8. Line the baking sheet with foil and then oil the foil.
  9. Dump the mixture onto a baking sheet.
  10. Spread it out evenly all over the pan, filling out the corners. Make sure it’s evenly spread, so there aren’t thick and thin spots.
  11. Take the knife and cut the mixture into squares or bars, depending on the size of your dog and the size of treat desired. Yield can be 30 bars to 60 small squares, it just depends.
  12. Bake in the oven for 25 minutes, then turn down the temperature to 250F degrees and leave the pan in for another two hours.
  13. Don’t open the door to see how they’re doing in the last two hours, it’s necessary for them to cool down slowly.
  14. After two hours remove the pan from the oven and turn the bars over with a spatula and then put them back in the oven for an hour more.
  15. At the end of the hour, turn off the oven and leave the treats in until completely cooled. They should be hard with softer centers and the corners may have browned during the high temperature period. That’s perfectly normal and it’s been found that dogs don’t mind one bit.
  16. Cool completely before serving.

Store the treats from either recipe in an air-tight container in the freezer or the refrigerator. The test dogs love these treats just as much as they love the meaty ones. Be creative, experiment and have fun when cooking for a pet.

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