The Bichon is said to have originated in the Mediterranean area and was introduced to the Canary Islands by sailors prior to the 14th century. It makes an excellent family dog and does well with children and strangers. It is probably a descendant of the Water Spaniel. This dog does well in a house or apartment. Pomeranian literally means “curly lap dog” in French.
Pomeranian Breed Standard
The skull on this breed is rounded and with a short muzzle. The eyes are dark and deeply set in the head. The American Kennel Club (AKC) guidelines state: “Dogs and bitches 9 1/2 to 11 1/2 inches are to be given primary preference.” These requirements are for show, of course, and any Bichon not falling within those parameters is not inferior. “The shoulder blade, upper arm and forearm are approximately equal in length.” With respect to the hindquarters, the description is essentially the same.
The undercoat is soft and the outer is coarse. The breed is white and sometimes has shades of apricot or cream throughout. With respect to its gait, the dog should trot in a precise and effortless manner. Grooming is a challenge with this breed, and owners need to be ready for consistent care and attention.
Behavioral Traits and Character of the Pomeranian
This dog likes to scamper about the home with the children and senses that it is part of the “pack.” It also gets on well with other animals. Some can make effective watchdogs, barking at the door when visitors approach. They are easily trained, especially as puppies. With gentle guidance and discipline, these dogs can do so well with obedience that they are often entered in competitions and shows with great results. Despite its size and gentle characteristics, this breed needs regular aerobic exercise.
The Pomeranian’s Potential Health Problems
This breed has been prone, at times, to autoimmune disorders that sometimes defy explanation. Bladder problems, knee difficulties, eye disorders, and skin allergies also pose challenges. Liver failure sometimes happens later in life. Overall, however, when these dogs are well cared for and treated as part of the family, they can live 12-15 years with few complications. They shed very little and are hypoallergenic. Choosing the right food for your pomerian is very important. You can read all about food consequences on http://worldsbestdogfoods.org/best-pomeranian-top-reviews-puppy-senior-allergy/.
The Pomeranian can capture the heart of the smallest child and the most stubborn “large dog only” individual. They respond well to training, large families with multiple dogs, and often perform well in show and obedience competition.